What is The Difference Between Arabica and Robusta Coffee Beans?

Robusta and Arabica coffee beans are two commonly grown beans. Even though both beans have a range of decently cultivated varieties suitable for instant coffee, and more richly developed ones for espresso blends, there is a distinct difference between the two sought after beans. Exploring what distinguishes them from one another would be great for those who are interested in the growing phase and quality of what they consume.

arabica vs robusta

In light of money spent by manufacturers, Robusta is the less expensive route when it comes to growing them in crops and buying them by the pound. During the growing phase, Robusta is resistant to negative factors such as pests and diseases. This is because Robusta beans have a high amount of caffeine. They can also grow in almost any kind of soil and withstand sharp climate changes, and are typically grown in areas of Africa and Southeast Asia. By the pound, it is worth about $0.70. They are often used as fillers in combination with other beans to reduce the amount of money companies spend making coffee. A lot can be said about its aroma. Robusta is known for having a noticeable scent of nuts and oats, which turns into a potent burning smell when it is prepared, no matter how well it is roasted. Robusta coffee beans usually grow at 3,000 feet above sea level, and in some cases, lower. The beans grow rapidly and large by the end of it maturation stage. Harvesting them is considered an easy task, as they are grown in elevations low enough to be picked by a machine. However, some robusta farm owners claim that they are hand-picked because their growth is unpredictable and require a closer look and perspective rather than that of a machine.

Arabica beans are revered compared to Robusta, as a miniature lot of Arabica can cost a manufacturer as much as $10.00. In ordinary cases, they sell for about $1.14 by the pound. This is almost twice the cost of Robusta beans. Arabica is known to have more flavor than Robusta. The beans have a sweet scent of blueberries prior to being roasted. Like its sweet aroma, Arabica is dainty in its preferences when it comes to its growing phase. Tropical climates are ideal circumstances that yield the best results in the case of growing Arabica. Unlike Robusta, they are sensitive to pests and diseases. Arabica represents 70% of all coffee beans produced. Arabica beans are grown about 3,000 to 6,000 feet above sea level. Those elevations offer the preferred climate necessary to nurture the beans to maturity. The flavors of the bean develops when it is given a perfect combination of cool temperature, rain, and sunlight to thrive. The high elevations in which they are grown call for hand picking rather than the usual commercial method of using a machine to pick them. It is known that higher quality beans are grown in high elevations. There are conflicting opinions regarding the way these beans are picked. Some individuals argue that they are indeed picked by trucks by manufacturers in Brazil, a place that is considered one of the biggest Arabica bean producers.

Coffee beans are widely produced and bought by companies that are well known for their variety of coffees. It is also poplar among individuals who drink coffee on a day to day basis, and those who carry on the culture of having a cup or two a day in parts of Europe. It is important to know the differences between Robusta and Arabica beans, as people blindly drink one or the other without considering their characteristics and how they are developed.